Australia Day | History, Meaning, Date, Celebrations, & Facts 2022

australia day

Australia Day | History, Meaning, Date, Celebrations: Many events are scheduled in time for Australia Day in Sydney this year despite the record amount of COVID-19 cases.

Sydney Harbour will be the center of attention for visitors, with the ferry then, an aerial display, and tall ships racing.

However, Australia Day and the date of the 26th of January is a source of contention for many.

The 26th of January is the date the day Captain Arthur Phillip raised the British flag at Sydney Cove and proclaimed British sovereignty in 1788.

The decision caused the removal of Indigenous people from the land which they had been living on for thousands of generations until the First Fleet.

Australia Day is regarded by certain Indigenous Australians as “Invasion Day” and it can be an emotional day for many.

Each year, there is a growing demand to alter the date for Australia Day to be more inclusive of all Australians.

Less than half of Americans understand the significance of Memorial Day, a new study has revealed.

Just 43 percent of the 2,000 Americans who were surveyed knew that this holiday is a celebration of those who died in the military during their service within the US Armed Forces According to research conducted on Thursday.

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The survey was conducted by the University of Phoenix, found that 28 percent of respondents had a misinterpretation of Memorial Day with Veterans Day as a holiday that honors all veterans from the military for their sacrifices.

It’s a common mistake. 36 percent of those surveyed confessed to not knowing the distinction between Memorial Day and Veterans Day.

For others, the news of Americans not understanding the true meaning behind the holiday was a shock.

A mere half of respondents or 46 percent of those polled knew Memorial Day is celebrated on the day that falls on the last Monday of May.

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About half of the population, or 21 percent, believes that it falls on the final Sunday in May.

If asked questions about what is the Moment of Remembrance, half of the respondents were unsure of what it was.

The ceremony is when Americans observe a minute of silence in memory of the fallen soldiers who were killed during the US serving in the military.

However, only a third (35 percent) were able to identify the exact time at which it takes to finish – around three o’clock during Memorial Day.

Half of the Americans interviewed were also unaware of the concept “Gold Star family”, or a family that has lost a loved one in military service.

After explaining the reasons, 55 percent of respondents stated that they would do something kind to the Gold Star family on Memorial Day.

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Despite the confusion over the holiday, 83 percent of Americans think it’s important to commemorate Memorial Day.

The most popular ways people will celebrate are by flying a flag (43 percent), leaving a flag or flowers on the grave of a fallen soldier (30 percent), or flying a flag at half-mast (29 percent).

This year, Memorial Day 2022 falls on Monday, May 25.

New Poll Reveals Two-Thirds Of Australians Want Australia Day Kept On January 26

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In the midst of Australia Day around the corner New research has revealed that more than two-thirds of Australians would like Australia Day to remain on the 26th of January.

Based on a poll of 1,038 respondents from the Institute of Public Affairs (IPA) the IPA found that 70% of Australians would like the day of controversy to be observed on the same day and only 11% would prefer the date to be altered.

The majority of respondents 82% of respondents expressed pride to be Australian, as well as 72 percent, believed the celebration of the national day was a way to allow Indigenous and non-Indigenous to commemorate the fact that they are Australian.’

Australia Day 2022

The IPA’s Bella d’Abrera said that Australia Day should bring together the whole of Australians’.

“Mainstream Australians are fundamentally optimistic and positive about Australia and its values,” she declared. “January 26 marks the beginning of modern Australia as well as the freedoms associated with it.

“Modern Australia is defined by the freedoms that are available to everyone Australians. It is something that needs to be celebrated, not criticized.

“Australians are fundamentally proud to be Australian and recognize that Australia has a history to be proud of.”

But, there’s an enclave of people who think that the date should be moved to ensure everyone’s content.

Treaty Advancement Commissioner Jill Gallagher stated that the celebration of Australia Day on January 26 was ‘disrespectful and hurtful’ towards Indigenous people.

“We could keep January 26 as a public holiday for our Remembrance Day, or Day of Reclaiming, or Recognition Day so that all of Australia never forget,” Gallagher stated.

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The results of the survey follow Greens Senator Lidia Thorpe requested the Aboriginal Flag to be flown at half-mast across the nation on the 26th of January.

She believes that this move will recognize those First Nations people who were affected by European colonization in Australia.

Thorpe was adamant about the day’s “colonial flag-waving’ and ‘heightened racism’, as well as the celebration of violence on a day that witnessed at least 270 murders from First Nations peoples in this country.’

“I know that we are not alone in wanting to believe that this country is capable of telling the truth about its violent history – reckoning with its past, so it can better deal with its present,” Thorpe declared in a fiery editorial in the SMH.


“As we celebrate ANZAC Day, we ask to everyone Australians join us in recognizing the 26th of January as a day of reflection and mourning for those who fought for their country.

“A time of mourning” is not new however, it is an essential one.

“On this day on this day, the Aboriginal flag will be flying at half-mast to mark the day of mourning and commemoration. I’m asking communities, councils, and other organizations across Australia to take this action.

“Those who attend Invasion Day dawn services should be thinking about wearing black to symbolize mourning.

“The countless injustices Aboriginal people have faced began on January 26, 1788, but they continue today.”

Australia’s Indigenous Minister Supports Australia Day Being On January 26

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The Indigenous Minister for Australia will draw a line online for the discussion about Australia Day.

There has been a rising campaign lately to have the national holiday moved to January 26.

Many feel it’s not appropriate to draw attention to Australia’s achievements and its history in the year that Captain Arthur Phillip landed at Sydney Cove.

Although it was a major moment of change for the nation, however, the arrival of the First Fleet also signified the beginning of the end of life and loss for Indigenous people who resided in Australia for hundreds of years.

The debate about the best time to celebrate Australia Day rages throughout the year, and it reaches its peak in January.

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However, Ken Wyatt has revealed that the federal government won’t be reluctant to celebrate the day at any time in the near future.

He replied by a clear non-response at Perth MP Patrick Gorman’s pleas to change the date of the meeting, convincing the West Australian that we should unify instead of dissolving as well as falling.

“I continue to stand with the majority of Australians who believe Australia Day should remain our national day, on the 26th of January,” the minister stated.

Australia Day” is a day when we, as a nation, recognize and celebrate the vast variety of Australia’s diverse cultures that span from our over 260 Indigenous cultures to our latest generation of citizens. “

Minister Wyatt stated she explained that Australia Day is meant to be a time to think about our common history both our highs and lows as well as to commemorate the lives of other people and to celebrate our nation as well as its achievements and, more importantly, our people’s.

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He said: “Like the Prime Minister I would like to unite Australians together. In order to bring Australians together, I am convinced that we can change the manner in which people celebrate Australia Day, by being more inclusive and respectful.

“As Labor’s Shadow Minister for Indigenous Australians Linda Burney observed earlier this year: ‘while we cannot change the date, we can change the way we observe it.”

The federal government and the Prime Minister have consistently rejected calls to alter the date even though Australia Day has only been celebrated on the same date throughout the country since the early 1990s.

Campaigners have proposed various dates that might work for them, including May 8 (because it’s amateur), January 1 (because it was the day that Australia was created back in 1901), and January 1 (because that’s when the Commonwealth of Australia was created in the year 1901) or on May 27, (because it’s the day that Australia starts Reconciliation Week) or perhaps the 30th of July (which was when Australia Day was first observed). Australia Day was observed).

The ABC Divides Opinion After Referring To January 26 As Invasion Day

The ABC has a split opinion when it refers to the day tomorrow (January 26) as Invasion Day.

The national broadcaster has made clear to writers and reporters that they can be permitted to use the word in their reporting and also on Australia Day and January 26.

Because the people of the community make use of it to mean the public holiday of the year ABC declared it inappropriate to just use Australia Day.

People were stunned and shocked when the station posted an article with the headline: ‘Australia Day/Invasion Day 2022celebrations in Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Hobart, and Darwin’.

Australia Day/Invasion Day

It immediately received remarks from those who suggested that the ABC tried to incite rage.

The ABC has issued an editorial on its website that explains more specific reasons why Invasion Day and Australia Day terms are employed in the same way.

It begins by saying that the holiday is legally designated differently by every state and territory. New South Wales calls it Australia Day, while South Australia calls it 26 January.

“Legislative use is one perspective,” the ABC explains. “By the way, the government websites that list public holidays usually include ‘Australia Day’ as the first place regardless of what the holiday’s name is in the pertinent Act.

“It is crucial to know, however, that both Macquarie or the Australian Concise Oxford Dictionary’s list ‘Survival Days” and “Invasion Day” as being roughly equivalent to Australia Day, or as being ‘viewed by Indigenous people as well as those who are their advocates’ (Macquarie).

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“Both terms have a long history of use in this country: the Australian National Dictionary dates both to the 1980s. A precursor for both terms would be the 1938 announcement by Indigenous groups that January 26 – not then a national public holiday – be known as a Day of Mourning and Protest.”

The ABC stated that as there are a variety of ways to describe this day’s events, it would be appropriate that they reflect this in their reportage.

They claim that ‘Australia Day’ will be their standard for describing the events or sentiments around January 26 however, they are permitted to employ other phrases ‘at their own discretion.

Federal Communication Minister Paul Fletcher said they aren’t allowed to alter the editorial guidelines that are set by the ABC.

“The Morrison government’s position on Australia Day is very clear,” Mr. Fletcher declared.

“The position taken by the ABC is a matter for which the ABC must take accountability, as the ABC, by statute, has editorial independence from government.”

LAD Asks: Majority Of People Don’t Want Australia Day Moved From January 26

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Each time the sun, the demands to Australia Day to be moved to a different day are stronger.

What was an isolated movement years ago has become an ongoing national debate that places people in either the ‘yay or ‘nay’ categories.

The #ChangeTheDate campaign believes it’s disrespectful to declare an official holiday and to celebrate the event that led to countless Indigenous deaths and signaled the start of a huge racial divide in Australia.

Some argue that it’s a chance to not ignore the past, but take a look at the present and work towards building national unity around this celebration of the annual day.

After conducting a poll of LADbible Australia readers, it’s evident that the majority of readers are eagerly awaiting the date of January 26 to mark the arrival of the First Fleet into Sydney Harbour in the meantime.

Nearly 8500 people took part in the poll and 60% of them supported the date being left as it is.

Many who oppose changing the date think that Aussies should unite around the date as a symbol of where we are now and where we’re going.

A vocal minority of people suggested moving Australia Day to the last Friday in January, the first Friday in February, the 8th of May, and many other alternatives.

A person even suggested: “It’s not as if we have too much history celebrating that date. And it’s more of a date for Britain; it’s the date the British flag was first planted in what was to become Australia. I think the day we became Australia would be a better day to celebrate.”

In the course of his Australia Day address, Prime Minister Scott Morrison warned against the possibility of canceling the holiday.

He also stressed the need that all citizens to learn and appreciate the ‘lessons from history. He also highlighted that the “dispossession” and colonization of Australia brought about serious problems.

But, he also hit in the opposite direction, arguing that the January 26 holiday is rooted in the history of the previous.

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He wrote in The Herald Sun: “We have triumphed over our horrific beginnings. We’ve fought through the odds, fought back, and prospered. As Australians, our lives have always been interconnected.

“We do this, because in Australia we believe in the unique value of each Australian as individuals, rather than seeing or indeed allowing ourselves to be defined solely through the identity prism of our age, race, gender, ethnicity, or religion.”

However, he did mention that the reason why January 26 is celebrated is that there was a ‘better than more severe’ reason the date was also when Australia was colonized.

“There is no way of denying this fact. In the best and worst ways it was that the journey towards the modern-day nation started”, he stated.

He has repeatedly resisted requests to alter the date and has urged people to concentrate on how they can aid the community.

An Indigenous Australian highlighted the reason why the policy should be changed in a very popular Reddit post.

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The worker from the health care profession emphasized the notion that altering the date will not magically solve problems within Aboriginal communities.

“No one believes it’s a magic bullet to fixing a problem,” they wrote. “It is a symbolic act. It is an effective thing.

“The the fact that so large a number of people have become so zealous about not altering the date is a testament to the importance in these symbols. It’s called virtue signaling, if you like, however, how do you distinguish it from ANZAC Day, showing your support for Farmers in the midst of a drought, or firefighters fighting Bushfires.

“While I don’t doubt there are indigenous people that don’t care about the date change, I’ve found that the overwhelming majority do.”

It’s interesting to note that Australia Day was only made an official holiday in 1994. This means it’s not it’s an integral part of our culture.

While the 26th of January is the date we think of the arrival of the First Fleet, this day of rest was planned by the states and territories. It typically fell on a Friday or Monday to ensure that the residents enjoyed an extended weekend.

The debate about how to celebrate the event and feel proud to be Australian will likely continue for many more years to be. The next step will be to observe whether the support for #ChangeTheDate expands over time or remains to be a minority.

Indigenous Activist Calls For $1 Million To Be Given To Every Aboriginal Person

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In the midst of the controversy-filled celebrations for Australia Day on January 26, many people marched on the streets in protest of “Invasion Day”.

The participants urged all people to recognize the pain and suffering suffered by Indigenous Australians at the hands of the British First Fleet when they arrived in Sydney in the year 1788.

In a series of Australian cities, The speakers took the stage to debate the topic.

One Sydney activist the Gomeroi girl Gwenda Stanley, said that hefty compensations due to Indigenous Australians were due.

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She addressed the crowd as follows: “A million dollars for every black person. Don’t fall for the Uluru declaration made by the back of the head.

“Let’s make reparations prior to the treaty. One million dollars for each person of color and then we’ll discuss the treaty.

The huge gathering at the Domain which drew three thousand people attended was planned but was later canceled by the police, and allowed to go ahead in the final minute.

Police warned that people would be penalized for taking part in the demonstration, given that thousands of people planned to take part.

Authorities claimed that the maximum amount for protests in public was 500. As a result, people were seated in groups that were exactly like the ones within Hyde Park in Sydney. Hyde Park.

More than 100 Covid-19 marshals are available to help groups organize and give out face masks and hand sanitizers.

The organizer of the protest, Paul Silva told the Guardian: “We met with police to plan a the sit-down ceremony followed by a gathering on the Domain.

“And I would say upon dispersing, a small group of people decided to cause conflict between police, and due to that, they were not arrested, but detained and fined.”

The Police Minister David Elliott told Channel 9 that he was satisfied with the protest going off without a hitch.

“We were happy when you consider in previous years we’ve had up to 15,000 people turn up to these rallies in Sydney alone,” Mr. Elliott said.

“The 3000 crowd dispersed into groups of 500 by negotiation with the police. In return, they didn’t march, which was a great outcome. They complied with the request from police in that regard.”

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NSW Police Assistant Commissioner Michael Willing said: “We reached some agreement with protest organizers, taking into account the heat that is obvious today, the potential disruption to the city and traffic and, indeed, the safety of all persons who are wanting to express their views as part of this protest to have protest attendees break into groups engage in social distancing as best they possibly could with the assistance of the police.”

It wasn’t the only Invasion Day rally to be held in Australia on Australia Day.

Brisbane is said to have been the site of the biggest protest, with more than 8000 people gathered at Queen’s Park to call for an alteration in the day for Australia Day and increase awareness of Aboriginal issues.

One protester even managed to make an Aboriginal flag in the hands of Queen Victoria statue, which was a symbolic moment for the monarch from the colonial period.

In Melbourne, there was a march of thousands through the city from Parliament House down Bourke Street in a peaceful protest.

Others who spoke at The Invasion Day rallies included Indigenous activist Vanessa Roberts, who told the crowd: “We are advocating so that Australia Day is abolished. We will never celebrate this day.”

Paul Silver, whose nephew was killed in custody by police and told those who have been protesting that the federal government “doesn’t care a bit regarding Aboriginal people.

“For the past five years, our family has been demanding justice and we’ve got f**k all. The injustice and racial discrimination still happen today and it’s happened since the First Fleet arrived. It happens on our land,” the man said.

Then-Prime Minister Scott Morrison – who previously angered protesters by saying that people on the First Fleet didn’t have a flash Australia Day either – said that Australia Day represents how far the nation has come.

In a speech at a celebration held in Canberra the Australian capital, he stated: “There is no escaping or canceling this fact. For better and worse, it was the moment where the journey to our modern nation began. We have risen above our brutal beginnings.”

Is Australia Day a Public Holiday?

What Do People Do?

Many people get the day off from working and take advantage of the time to cook, attend outdoor events, and enjoy sports events or play.

Different regions in Australia celebrations differ in different areas of Australia. For instance, Sydney has boat races which include a ferry race, as well as Tall Ships Race and Adelaide, which are celebrated with an event, a parade with fireworks, and even a cricket match.

Australian citizen ceremonies are typically celebrated during Australia Day. These ceremonies are meant to welcome people who were granted citizenship by the nation. Although they are official, these events usually have a celebratory mood.

Public Life

Australia Day is a public holiday across the states as well as territories. Schools and post offices will be closed. Certain public transport companies do not operate, while other services operate with a reduced frequency. Stores usually remain open, however, they could have reduced opening hours. There could be congestion on the roads, particularly during major events.


Australia’s symbols Australia is typically utilized during Australia Day and include the Australian national flag, which includes its depictions of the Union Jack, the Commonwealth Star as well as those five stars that make up the Southern Cross. The national song, Advance Australia Fair, is played. Australia’s unofficial anthem Waltzing Matilda is a popular song that is played.

Others include the Golden Wattle, which is the emblem of the national flower as well as the opal that is the national stone, and the national colors, gold and green.

Australia Day Observances

Year Weekday Date Name Holiday Type Area
2017 Thu 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2018 Fri 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2019 Sat 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2019 Mon 28 Jan Australia Day Observed State Holiday All except Christmas Island, Heard, and McDonald Islands
2020 Sun 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2020 Mon 27 Jan Australia Day Observed State Holiday All except Christmas Island, Heard, and McDonald Islands
2021 Tue 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2022 Wed 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2023 Thu 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2024 Fri 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2025 Sun 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2025 Mon 27 Jan Australia Day Observed State Holiday All except Christmas Island, Heard and McDonald Islands
2026 Mon 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday
2027 Tue 26 Jan Australia Day National Holiday

First Nations Culture on Australia Day

The story of our nation started more than 65,000 years in the past. First Nations Australians are the basis of our nation’s history and are still preserving the oldest living culture on earth.

We all have a place and all of us contribute to the nation’s story and accomplishments.

More details about details on Australia Day 2022 program can be located at this link..


The Australia Day Council of NSW will be implementing Sydney 2022 as planned. Sydney 2022 program as planned in a safe COVID manner. We will modify and modify the program according to the requirements.

To ensure the health and safety of all participants, the Sydney program will be held in accordance with the latest NSW Government COVID-19 guidelines.

Australia Day events in Sydney are held at outdoor locations with huge open spaces at different times during the day so that everyone can practice physical distancing.

If you are unable to physically stand a distance, wear a mask for your face as well as wash your hands frequently using soap or water. Also, make sure you use hand sanitizer. Keep your home clean if you’re sick.

The people who plan to go to the Australia Day events and activities throughout the state are advised to attend in a safe manner that is COVID compliant. Consult the local government for information about the event.

Always visit regularly on the NSW Government website to get the latest COVID-19 details.

Australia Day FAQs

What’s the meaning of Australia Day?

Australia Day is a public holiday in Australia on the 26th of January. On this day in 1788, 11 convict ships that came from Great Britain landed at what is today Port Jackson in New South Wales, and Governor Arthur Phillip raised the British flag to mark the start in the British colony.

What does Australia Day mean to Aboriginals?

For the majority of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Australians, there is nothing to celebrate. It’s the commemoration of the loss of a lot of sovereignty rights to their ancestral land, loss of family, and the right to practice their traditional culture.

What is an interesting fact about Australia Day?

The first documented Australia Day celebrations were held on the 26th of January 1808 to commemorate 20 years after captain Arthur Phillip raised the flag at Sydney Cove. Lachlan Macquarie was the first Australian Governor to organize one of the initial “official” Australia Day celebrations in 1818 to commemorate the 30th anniversary of European settlement.

What are the traditions of Australia Day?

Communities across Australia organize events of their own and frequently contain fireworks as well. Traditional Australian food items are readily sold in shops prior to the day of Australia Day. From vegemite-filled sandwiches, sausage rolls, and meat pie to pavlovas and lamingtons to celebrate our nation’s diversity by having a delicious Aussie celebration.

What happened to the First Fleet?

After January 1788
Ships of the First Fleet mostly did not stay inside the colony. A few were returned to England and others went to different ports. A few remained in the care of the governor of this colony for a few months. A few were transferred for transfer to Norfolk Island where a second penal colony was set up.